Heidelberg Castle as a national monument
As a result of the Napoleonic Wars in the early 19th century, patriotism rose increasingly in the German states. Following the victory against France and the founding of the German Empire in 1871, the size of the German nation was also to be reflected in its mighty architecture. It was the popular opinion that Heidelberg Castle, destroyed by French troops, would be an ideal National Monument. The decision was made to reconstruct it.